A grant to the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace will expand and extend its project to explore the desirability and feasibility of developing international norms to limit the use of offensive cyber weapons. The endowment will build upon its research (conducted with funding by the Hewlett Foundation) to date, and develop a clearer framework and process for adoption of such principles through unilateral, bilateral, or multilateral policy instruments.
About the Grantee
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Grants to this Grantee
for strategic planning for the Technology and International Affairs Program
for the nuclear policy program
The Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is one of the Nuclear Security Initiative’s anchor grantees. Over the past four years, Carnegie has shown itself to have unmatchable impact on international nuclear policies, including successfully negotiating principles of conduct for nuclear power reactor exporters that will allow vendors to hold their competitors accountable for nuclear safety and security. The principles of conduct provide a unique way of increasing the safety and security of nuclear power plants and could dramatically change the industry. Over the next two years, Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program will continue to improve nuclear security in the United States and abroad by working to bring key countries like Brazil, Turkey, and Pakistan into the global debate on nuclear policy and nuclear energy. These countries will have increasing leverage in global and regional nuclear policy in the future. Finally, Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program will also continue to focus on the importance of limiting nuclear use, rather than focusing exclusively on the number of weapons that exist. This distinction could be key in overcoming the current dysfunction in the U.S. Congress by garnering support for actions other than work on treaties in the United States and abroad.
for the Carnegie Initiative on New Oils and their Energy, Water, and Climate Impacts
The main objective of the Carnegie Endowment’s Oil Initiative is to provide up- to-date research about the climate risks of new and unconventional oils and petroleum products. One of the research products from this grant would be an oil-climate index with data on the life-cycle carbon emissions of different crude oils. The study would pay particular attention to the associated water impacts, especially in the western United States. The information generated would inform the development of new policies required to reduce the environmental impact of the growing unconventional oil market.