Writing in the Christian Science Monitor, Cyber Initiative Program Officer Eli Sugarman makes the case that hackers—the white hat wearing kind—are critical to U.S. cybersecurity:
During his State of the Union address last month, President Obamasingled out hackers as one of America’s principal cyber enemies and called for stiffer criminal penalties against them. Fans of this tough rhetoric should beware: a war on hackers could actually chill legitimate security efforts.
From the National Security Agency to Google, US government agencies and businesses are turning to hackers to develop, test, and secure their critical systems and products. Hackers succeed by thinking outside of the box. They break the rules and oftentimes cheat. While many types of hacks – remotely disabling a car’s engine or cracking heavily encrypted data using only a microphone – sound criminal, they aren't. Rather, they are routinely conducted by leading academic or independent security researchers.
In fact, hacking plays a critical role in securing everything from ATM machines to smartphones. Defenders develop better security measures only after a new attack is invented. Both government and industry recruit skilled white hat (good) hackers to test their systems and defend against black hat (malicious) hackers.
What are the core values of the U.S. Constitution?
“We, the people,” the poetic expression of the idea of democratic self-government, is surely at the head of the list.
Most of us would probably add the values guarded by the addendum to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights: free speech, freedom of religion, due process and equal treatment under the law. Then there are values central to governing: checks and balances, the separation of powers and federalism.
Larry Kramer, a constitutional law scholar, former dean of Stanford Law School and now the president of the William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, believes a less appreciated idea should be first among equals. In a speech at the University of Pennsylvania Law School this week, Kramer makes the case for compromise as a core constitutional value.
A sweeping movement is under way among nonprofits to more regularly collect information and consider the perspectives of the people they serve.
New tools and services, like apps that run text-message surveys, are springing up to aid feedback efforts, and new grant money is trickling in.
What’s more, in 2016 Charity Navigator, a watchdog organization, will start to include in its ratings system an assessment of whether and how well nonprofits collect and publish feedback from the people they serve.
"Momentum is building," says Fay Twersky, director of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation’s Effective Philanthropy Group, noting mounting evidence, much of it still anecdotal, that listening to clients and making changes in response improves results.
"The more experiences that are shared about the benefits of feedback, the more credible it becomes," she says. "It’s changing from what seems like just a nice thing to do into a best practice."
Hewlett and eight other foundations are part of a new $18-million effort [Fund for Shared Insight] to promote such sharing.
Dennis Whittle, co-founder of the online fundraising platform GlobalGiving, which gives its members incentives to gather opinion data from their clients, agrees that all the talk and action focusing on getting feedback is gathering steam in an unprecedented way.
"A lot of this started to take root a decade ago," he notes, "but two huge historic movements—around openness and transparency and around the availability of data, big and small—have come together now to create a real force behind feedback."
Last month, the Solar Foundation, a grantee of our Environment Program, released their National Solar Jobs Census for 2014, showing huge growth in employment related to solar energy—up 86% over the last five years. Minh Le, director of the Solar Energies Technology Office at the Department of Energy, marked the release with a blog post.
A few highlights:
As of November 2014, the solar industry employs 173,807 workers, representing a growth rate of nearly 22% over the previous year.
And the good news doesn’t stop there. Here are just a few key findings from this year’s census:
-Solar employment has grown by 86% in the past five years alone.
-One out of every 78 new jobs created in the U.S. over the past 12 months was created by the solar industry.
-The solar industry is adding workers at a rate nearly 20 times faster than the overall economy.
California's venerable state parks—from sunny Los Angeles beaches to towering redwoods in the Santa Cruz Mountains—are under "serious stress" and suffering from declining budgets, shorter hours, higher fees, a $1.3 billion maintenance backlog and outdated technology.
That's the conclusion of a new report scheduled for release Friday by a blue-ribbon state commission made up of business leaders, government officials and park experts.
The California Parks Forward Commission says the parks system can be fixed but that a dedicated source of new funding must be found.
Nice piece by Sharon Noguchi in the San Jose Mercury News on the inroads being made by open educational resources:
"We're just at the initial stages of a revolution in education," said Matt Chamberlain, principal of Venture School, an independent study school in the San Ramon Unified School District. Selecting and managing online material is challenging, "but to put resources in kids' hands is very exciting."
Added Venture biology teacher Maureen Allison, "There's so much potential, so much rich stuff out there."
The effort to collect, edit and spread that material has been quietly incubated by philanthropies like the Menlo Park-based William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, other nonprofits and now a consortia of state governments. It has made headway in school districts like Riverside Unified, where 40 percent of the curriculum comes from open educational resources, and in private and budget-conscious charter schools.
Interesting post from longtime Open Educational Resources scholar David Wiley on what's he's learing about the theoretical benefits of OER and the empirical research that supports those theories:
I’m continuing to learn an incredible amount as I work with Lumen Learning, supporting institutions as they go through the process of replacing traditional textbooks with Open Educational Resources (OER), and as I simultaneously continue my work with the Open Education Group conducting empirical research on the effects of OER adoption by faculty. While I’m learning many things down “in the weeds” of implementation, at a higher level I’m understanding more deeply and appreciating more thoroughly how the adoption of OER in place of traditionally copyrighted educational materials is literally better for everyone involved. Adopting OER in place of traditional textbooks truly is:
Better for Students
Better for Faculty
Better for Institutions
Better for Society
Here’s a sample of what I’m learning together with these marvelous teams of people.
For those interested in understanding more about OER and what their adoption would mean for our educational system, the whole thing is worth reading.
Bliss will be sharing his perspective on the worldwide OER and open textbooks movements, participant perceptions of OER, and examples of effective application of OER in higher education.
The University of Northern British Columbia will be hosting a livestream event to connect TJ Bliss, Program Officer at the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, with the people throughout the province interested in Open Educational Resources (OER), such as the Open Textbook project at BCcampus. Bliss will be discussing the projects funded by the Hewlett Foundation, background on the worldwide OER movement, student and faculty perceptions about OER, efforts within the Open Textbook campaign, and examples of open educational practice within higher education.
Cyber Initiative Program Officer Eli Sugarman, writing for Forbes:
On Tuesday, President Obama announced a series of new cybersecurity measures to improve information sharing between the private sector and government, modernize law enforcement’s approach to tackle cybercrime, and require national data breach reporting. These are all important steps towards what it’s increasingly clear is really needed: a comprehensive policy playbook to guide U.S. and other governments’ response to serious cyber incidents, like the recent hack of Sony Pictures. The United States can no longer afford to respond in an ad hoc and uncertain manner to serious cyber incidents because the Internet plays a critical role in the lives of millions of Americans and billions of individuals worldwide. Instead, it must work with cybersecurity experts in the private sector and civil society, as well as other nations, to put in place robust policy frameworks and doctrines to guide both offensive cyber operations and responses to cyber-attacks. Failure to do so will leave both public and private assets unnecessarily vulnerable to future attacks.
Nice report from NBC Bay Area's Joe Rosato, Jr. on last month's reopening of Boeddeker Park in San Francisco's Tenderloin neighborhood. The park's extensive renovation was made possible by a grant from the Trust for Public Lands, which the Hewlett Foundation supported through our Serving Bay Area Communities grantmaking.